PITIA members face reality: No fish, no jobs - Solomon Star News

PITIA members face reality: No fish, no jobs

06 February 2014

THE ability of the domestic industry to compete in the southern long-line albacore fishery has hit the point of no return.

Tying-up vessels and sending employees home is now the reality that is faced by the Pacific Islands Tuna Industry Association (PITIA) members that have an interest in this fishery.
Scientists have warned for years that increased catches will come at the expense of economic viability.

The domestic Industry has called for stronger management to mitigate the impact of the influx of subsidized vessels.

The political force that subjects our Pacific Islands governments to other considerations have prevailed and the economic downfall of an industry of some 30 years is the result.

Stock assessments continue to produce relatively healthy results, however, actual experience at sea tells otherwise.
Recent trends have shown not just decrease in Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE) but fish size.
Practice shows that there has been fast local depletion regardless of the perceived overall state of the stock.
Do we only step up to manage when over-fishing is already occurring?
American Samoa with the support of the richer more powerful United States has recently put its fleet on the market.
More than 50% of the Fijian fleet has been tied up.

Tonga has one domestic vessel left – down from a high of 26. Similar stories come from Samoa and the once vibrant PNG domestic long-line fishery is history long since gone.

The delegate from China announced at the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) 10, in December 2013, their intention to cap its fleet in the region at 400 vessels.

That is an estimate of 150 highly efficient and heavily subsidized more vessels into a fishery where those of domestic flags are tied up and crew is sent home to seek alternative income earnings.

Even those subsidized vessels join the growing fleet of tying up vessels, which dominate the scene in Suva harbour today.
Yet Pacific Islands countries will consider further issuing licenses? Something is fundamentally wrong with that scenario.

As Dr Aqorau, of the Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA), told ABC in a recent interview, “the albacore crisis is in the hands of the Southern states”.
PITIA has many times in the past urged relevant governments to take control of the fishery.

Ultimate control does lie with the Pacific Islands countries given that some 70% of the albacore catch is taken within Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).
So presumably, the income from licenses will compensate for a domestic industry that has collapsed?

Has this theory been properly appraised? Or is this the short-term gain outweighing long-term rational and sustainable development?

A couple of governments have now stepped up to react, whilst this is a step forward – we believe “the ship has sailed”.

With the correct approach, government support could possibly result in protecting future investment but not so fortunate for current stakeholders.
PITIA has always advocated managing the fishery.

The reality is, the subsidized Chinese vessel is the only party operating at Maximum Economic Yield (MEY) in this fishery.
Not the licensing authority and definitely not the unsubsidized domestic vessel, nor the fisherman that is now seeking employment.

It is paradoxical that a once economic domestic fishery existed before the establishment of the WCPC.
Despite two conservation and management measures (in 2003 and 2005), designed to curtail increased fishing capacity, the heavily subsidized fleet has grown exponentially.

It is a sad indictment of “Fisheries Management” if ever there was one.